ADHD: Recognizing Symptoms, Diagnosis, and More

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Symptoms | Type 1 | Type 2 | Type 3 |
Diagnosis | Treatment | Outlook | Approach

 

Understanding ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition. It mainly affects children, but can also affect adults. It can have an impact on behaviors, emotions, and the ability to learn new things.

 

ADHD is divided into three different types:

Symptoms will determine which type(s) of ADHD you have. To be diagnosed with ADHD, symptoms must make an impact on your day-to-day life.

 

Symptoms may change over time, so the type of ADHD according to diagnosis can change, too. ADHD can be a lifelong challenge. But treatments and other medications can help improve your quality of life.

 

Three types of symptoms

Each type of ADHD is pegged to one or more characteristics. ADHD is characterized by hyper-active-impulsive and inattention behavior.

 

These behaviors often depict in the following ways:

  • inattention: getting easily distracted, poor organizational and concentration skills
  • impulsivity: disrupting, taking excessive risks
  • hyperactivity: fidgeting and talking, never seeming to slow down, difficulties staying on track

Each patient is different, so it’s common for two or more people to encounter the same symptoms in different ways. For example, these behaviors are often different in males and females. Males may be outwardly more hyperactive, and females may be quietly inattentive.

 

Predominantly inattentive ADHD

If you have this type of ADHD, you may experience more symptoms of inattention than those of hyperactivity and impulsivity. You may too struggle with hyperactivity or impulse control at times. But these aren’t the primary characteristics of inattentive ADHD.

 

People who experience inattentive behavior often:

  • easily distracted and miss details frequently
  • get bored and restless quickly
  • have trouble directing focus on a single task
  • have difficulty composing thoughts and learning new information
  • lose pencils, papers, or other stationary items needed to finish a task
  • don’t seem to listen or heed
  • move slowly and appear as if in a daydreaming state
  • process information more slowly and less accurately than others
  • have trouble following directives

Often girls are diagnosed with inattentive type ADHD than boys.

 

Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD

This type of ADHD is characterized by symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity. People with this type may show signs of inattention, but it’s not as classified as the other symptoms.

 

People who are hyperactive or impulsive often:

  • fidget, squirm or feel restless
  • have difficulty sitting still
  • constant talking
  • touch and meddle with objects, even when inappropriate to the task at hand
  • have trouble engaging in tranquil activities
  • are persistently “on the go”
  • are impatient
  • act out of turn and worry not about consequences of actions
  • blurt out incorrect answers and inappropriate comments

Children with hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD can be disruptive to the classroom. They can make learning more difficult for teachers and other students.

 

Combination ADHD

If you have the combination type, it means that your symptoms don’t exclusively fall within the hyperactive-impulsive or inattention behavior. Instead, a combination of symptoms from both of the categories are exhibited.

 

Most people, with or without ADHD, experience some degree of inattentive or impulsive behavior. But it’s more severe in people with ADHD. The behavior occurs more often and interferes with how you function at home, school, work, and in social situations.

 

The National Institute of Mental Health explains that most children have combination type ADHD. The most common symptom in preschool-age children is hyperactivity.

 

Diagnosing ADHD

There isn’t a all-in-one test that can diagnose ADHD. Children usually show symptoms before the age of 7. But ADHD shares symptoms with other unrelated disorders in early prognosis. Your doctor may first try to rule out conditions like depression, anxiety, and certain sleep issues before making a diagnosis.

 

The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) is used across the United States to diagnose children and adults with ADHD. It usually includes a detailed diagnostic evaluation of behavioral patterns.

 

A person must display at least six of the nine major symptoms to conclude a specific type of ADHD. To be diagnosed with combination ADHD, you must show at least six symptoms of hyperactive-impulsive and inattention behavior. The behaviors must be arouse, disruptive and present to everyday life for at least six months.

 

Besides showing the pattern of hyperactivity-impulsivity, inattention or both, the DSM-5 states that to be diagnosed, a person’s symptoms must be shown before 12 years of age. And they must be present in more than just one setting, like at both home and school. Symptoms must also interfere with day-to-day life. And these symptoms can’t be resembling another mental disorder.

 

An initial diagnosis may reveal one type of ADHD. But symptoms may change over time. This is important information for adults, who may need to be re-evaluated.

 

Treatment options for ADHD

After you’ve been diagnosed, there are a number of treatment options available. The primary goal of treatment is to promote positive behaviors and manage ADHD symptoms.

 

Therapy

Your doctor may advocate behavioral therapy before initializing any medications. Therapy may help people with ADHD replace inappropriate behaviors with proven behaviors. Or support them find ways to express feelings.

 

Parents can also receive behavior management training. This can help them manage their child’s behavior. And help them learn new skills for coping with the disorder.

 

Children under age 6 usually start with behavior therapy and no medications. Children ages 6 and up may benefit most from a combination of behavior therapy and medications.

 

Medication

There are two types of ADHD medications.

  • Stimulants are the more commonly prescribed medications. They are reactive and between 70 to 80 percent [2] of children display fewer symptoms while on these medications.
  • Nonstimulants don’t work as quickly to mitigate ADHD symptoms. But these medications can last up to 24 hours.

Adults with ADHD often benefit from the same combination of therapies as older children.

 

Outlook

Most children [3] diagnosed with the disorder no longer have significant symptoms once they are in their mid-20s. But ADHD is a lifelong condition for most people.

 

You may be able to manage your condition with behavioral therapy or medication. But treatment isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution. It’s important to work with your specialist if you think your treatment plan isn’t helping you.

 

Healthily written, prettily disseminated …

Inattentive type of ADHD doesn’t mean high mobility frequency. The individual may not heed to the person talking, daydreaming frequently, or being distracted. Low attention span is one of the main causes of Type 1 ADHD and a concern for personal development. See the doctor.

 

Symptoms of ADHD tend to drop as the child matures to adulthood. At a young age, misdiagnosis is not an uncommon problem. See your doctor if you think the otherwise. Review which natural remedies can alleviate your concerns regarding the disorder.

 

There are 14 signs of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) make you better understand, find out the relevant topics to progress in development, and structure a plan with your doctor to nurture your child.

 

Factual reviews on ADHD is only based on diagnosis. Not assumption should be the outcome of any test result. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to manage ADHD or ADD. Topics on ADHD is recommended to be available during early parenting education.

 

Every individual encounters ADHD differently. Not two patients will feel, think, or react in the same manner even under the same evaluation of behaviors. The doctor, together with a panel of specialists, will assess the current condition and make adjustments to the patient’s outlook.

 

ADHD or ADD must not impact you or your child’s personal development. People with ADHD are not discouraged over natural means, and your life is determined by your choice. Diagnosis, observations, or reporting can only do so much. The rest of them is up to you or your child’s decision.

 

No matter what, diagnoses of ADHD don’t mean the end of the world. There’re success stories of physical disabilities, personal and family problems, and even people with ADHD. Your life, your story – Healthaon, 2020.

 

Reference List:

[1] Trusted Source, “A common genetic factor explains the covariation among ADHD ODD and CD symptoms in 9–10 year old boys and girls”, Journal List – HHS Author manuscripts: PMC2634815, 02 February 2009.

[2] Trusted Source, “Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – Trends in the Parent-Report of Health Care Provider-Diagnosis and Medication Treatment for ADHD: United States”, Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC), 2003–2011.

[3] Trusted Source, “Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy and offspring attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a prospective sibling control study.”, US National Library of Medicine – National Institute of Health, 01 October 2017.

[4] Trusted Source, “My Child Has Been Diagnosed with ADHD – Now What?”, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 08 October 2019.

[5] Trusted Source, “Psychometric Properties of ADHD Symptoms in Toddlers.”, US National Library of Medicine – National Institute of Health, July 2020.

[6] Trusted Source, “Everything You Need to Know About ADHD”, ADHD Health Topics, 13 June 2019.

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  1. Stacy Miller
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