Tooth Decay – Issue, Types Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Outlook

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Healthy quote | Issue | Types | Causes | Symptoms | Remedies | Alternatives | Approach | Outlook | Overview


Like it or not, tooth decay can occur anytime, anywhere, anyhow.


Elderly people, adults, adolescent, children, toddlers, and even infants experienced tooth decay process.


The food you eat, age, bacteria, plaque and debris, saliva, atmosphere, fillings, dental injuries, and improper oral care contributed to small and large holes – decays.


When the tooth enamel encounters acidic attacks, erosion, the patient tends to experience loss of enamel protection and inner layer called dentin. The result is known as a cavity – a defect – is formed in or on the surface of the tooth.


Today’s healthy quote, “Accept the reality of having holes, pits, and cracks in your teeth. It’s crucial to practice oral hygiene and tooth care to prevent enamel erosion.”



Tooth decay and cavities are among the world’s growing health concerns.


If decays are not treated, the small pits turned into big gaps, they’ll affect deeper layers of teeth and pulps – patients may face oral problems like severe toothache, infection, and loss of tooth.


Decays can cause major health problems such as fever, abscess, loss of taste, frequent bleeding, or even triggering life-threatening complications, such as infection, sepsis, sinus, blindness, or demise.


The American Association of Endodontists (AAE) urges people to take dental care seriously. For example, an untreated infected molar resulted in an abscess that can spread to the brain – emergency dental care.


Regular dental visits to your trusted dentist, accompanied by brushing and flossing habits, serve as a protection against dental emergencies and common oral problems like cavities and tooth decay.


Tooth Cavities – Issue, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Outlook – Healthaon

Help! My tooth decay is affecting my life.

credits – pixabay



Tooth decay happens to anyone, even if you have a good oral hygiene routine.


To make matter worst, dental work, and cosmetic surgery further impact decays. A study from AAE revealed more than 8 dental fillings may cause a life-threatening complication like high grade fever or sinus infection.


An accredited dentist or endodontist finds decays during a regular dental checkup. Tooth diagnostic tests like teeth-probing, spotting, visual images, and X-rays can identify tooth decays and cavities.


If you’re having a decay, you might get a toothache, especially when you eat or drink something sweet, hot, or cold. Cavities, pits, or holes can be either visible or not visible to the naked eye.



Dental caries (tooth decay) falls under 2 main categories; occlusal caries and interproximal caries. Tiny openings or holes are developed on the permanently damaged areas in the solid surface of your teeth.


Common types of dental caries include:

Occlusal caries. Usually spotted between two specific areas of the teeth. It happens mainly on the top most part of the tooth where food particles interact directly with the teeth.

Interproximal caries. Dental caries that form between the teeth, demineralizing the enamel and form tiny holes. Upon success, oral damages further spread to the entire tooth and form a complete tooth decay.



Dental caries problems. Decay-causing bacteria attacks the teeth, gums, nerves, pulps, tissues, and molars. Unlike the bone, a decay is permanent and cannot be reversed. Find out the causes of decays below.


Common causes of cavities and decays include:


Causes of Tooth Cavity:

Bacteria growth. Acids, enzymes, or substances created plaque bacteria.

Age. Aging effect contributes to muscle degeneration in teeth, gums, jaws, cheek and bone structures.

Atmosphere. Poor oral hygiene conditions.

Saliva. Saliva produces acids that affect the integrity of the molar sets.

Gum diseases. Gingivitis and periodontal diseases pull gums away from your teeth – residing gum lines.

Food particles. Residual debris and plaque from unclean teeth, poor oral hygiene, or not brushing teeth.

Severe decay. Badly decayed tooth extends beyond the tooth deeply into the gums and nerves.


Causes of Tooth Decay:

Trans fat. Foods containing high in carbohydrates trapped between teeth.

Corrosion. Carbonated drinks contain high acid (pH) values.

Dental plaque. Existing bacteria in the mouth slowly dissolves tooth enamel.

Frequent snacking. Unhealthy snacks (i.e. high-carb foods) remained the leading cause.

Sweet stuff. Food and beverage contain sugar which produces acid leading to decay.

Receding gums. More plaque and food debris can form along wider tooth surface.

Improper brushing techniques. Not brushing your teeth correctly and under 2 minutes.



There’s almost no symptoms at the beginning phase of decays. The signs and symptoms do vary, in size, location, the extent, and visibility. Learn how to spot the signs and symptoms of decays below.


Common symptoms of decays and cavities include:


Symptoms of Tooth Cavity:

Tooth sensitivity. Mild or acute pain when eating or drinking something sweet, hot, or cold.

Visible holes or pits. Unsightly cavities in between the teeth.

Tooth pain. Spontaneous pain without an apparent reason.

Dry mouth. Dryness in mouth can lead to severe chronic diseases and health problems.

Positioning shifts. Tooth starts to shift locations.

Filling color. Dental filling evidently turned from silverfish into blackened or grey spots.

Loss of enamels. Tip of tooth and shield losing protective layers.


Signs & Symptoms of Tooth Decay:

Toothache. Chronic pain during consumption of foods and beverages.

Teeth stains. Brown, black, white, or grey color spots on any surface of the tooth.

Pain in tooth. Excruciating pain when you bite down.

Halitosis. Bad breath when you see your dentist.

Gum diseases. Gingivitis or periodontal disease further affect the decay process.

Parageusia. Dysegeusia is a dental infection especially acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis.


Signs & Symptoms of Holes in Tooth:

Visibility. Check for visible cracks, pits, or holes.

Insufficient fluoride. Lack of fluoride or toothpaste in brushing.

Poor oral hygiene conditions. Failing to brush or floss daily.

Eating disorders. Forced-feeding like bulimia syndrome, and anorexia.

Reflux. Gastroesophageal reflux diseases (GERD), acid reflux, or heartburn tears down enamel shield.

Physical impact. Sports accident, auto accident, or physical damages.



Cavities and decays are permanent without the help of dental works. High-quality, advanced dental treatment can mitigate, reverse, or restore your tooth’s health. Natural and home remedies work well in the early phases of tooth decays and cavities.


Common remedies for cavities and decays include:


Treatment for Cavity:

Dental treatment. A dentist conducts removal of decayed portion of your tooth using a drill.

Tooth filling. Fills up the hole with a medical-grade filling (i.e. amalgam, gold, porcelain, or resin).

Crowning. Custom-fit cap over the tooth to mimic its natural crown.

Root canal. To save your tooth, the dentist will remove nerve tissue, blood vessel tissues, and pulps.


Treatment for Decay:

Antibiotics. Terminate germs and bacteria residing in your mouth.

Herbs. Natural, organic herbs help alleviate tooth pain.

Scheduled appointment. Increase number of visits as regular dental checkups for cleaning and washing.

Healthy diet. Living a healthy lifestyle lowers the risk of tooth decay.

Injections. Inject some medicines to treat the decayed portions.

Applied coating. A special chemical coating to prevent further decays.

Root canal. An advanced dentistry practice used to remove non-living pulps, nerves, and tissues.


Treatment for Holes/Pits:

Dental filling. Insert a filling to cover the gaps between the teeth.

Fluoride supplements. Prevention of decay begins with fluoride protection in your daily oral routine – home treatment remedies for tooth cavities.

Ultraviolet light. Integrate a mold and sealing up with UV light.

Teeth aligners. Install an aligner to align and breach the tooth gaps.

Avoidance. Temporarily avoid sugar-rich foods and carbonated drinks.



Enhancements on dental care is necessary to lower the risk of tooth decay, cavity, infection, or further strain on your teeth. Prevention is always better than cure.

Fluoride toothpaste. Always use a toothpaste with fluoride content to brush your teeth.

Brushing techniques 101. Learn the art of brushing your teeth in the right manner, at least twice a day.

Dental flossing. Get the habit of flossing your teeth to remove stubborn plaque and debris which a normal soft-bristle toothbrush is out of reach.

Control. Limit your food and beverage consumption high in sugars and acids.

Healthy foods. Consume more calcium-rich and fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, and supplements.

Wear a mouthguard. Practice safety in separating the upper and lower parts of teeth especially during intense sports activities.

Warm water. Drink lukewarm water, keep the mouth moist and avoid GMO substances.

Oral care. Use non-alcoholic mouthwash to rinse off the bacteria and plaque residing in the mouth.

Reduce acidic intakes. Lower the amounts of acidic foods and beverages.

Change management. Frequently (about one in 2 months) change your toothbrush, choose only soft-bristle ones to avoid sustained dental injuries.

Regular dental visits. Visit your dentist on time for professional cleanups and oral exam.



Risk of tooth cavity, decay, infection, or other oral concerns remain. Further complications include ongoing tooth pain, abscess, development of pus, broken or chipped tooth, difficulties in daily routine, or even psychology problems.


Learn more about other dental care and oral health issues that might be of concern to you.

Tooth Diagnosis | Dental Psychology | Dental Fracture | Cavities | Abscessed Tooth | Dry Sockets | Tooth Decay | Infection | Extraction | Gum Diagnosis | Dental Anxiety | Gum Infection | Dental Filling | Dental Flossing | Toothache | Teeth Brushing 101 | Root Canal | Root Canal Anxiety | Wisdom Tooth Relief | Home Tooth Extraction | Toothache Causes | Tooth Sensitivity | Emergency Dental


Else, a dental treatment prevents the need for extraction and saves the natural tooth. Never avoid the problem of an infection, abscess, crack, or whatever the issue might be.



Issue: Men’s health. Women’s health. Kid’s health. Everyone take note.

Cavity and decay. A cavity or decay can be avoided, treated, or mitigated, depending on the type of treatment options.

Consultation: In an event of a cracked tooth, see your dentist as soon as possible.

Psychology: Talk to a psychologist or counsellor to better handle toothache psychological problems.

Observations: gum diseases, tooth cavities, decays, bacteria infections, cracks, swellings, or renewed bleeding.

Oral care: toothbrushes, toothpastes, mouthwashes, whitening agents, dental flosses, filaments etc.

Dental tips: call up your local dentist -> set an appointment date -> attend regular dental checkups etc.

Healthy practice: avoid artificial ingredients, unhealthy eating, smoking, irregular brushing habits etc.

Health and wellness: 30-minutes fitness, home workouts, calcium-rich foods and beverages, sleep etc.

Regurgitate: Tooth Decay – Issue, Types Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Outlook – Healthaon

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